Presentation Skills 3/3

Presentation Skills 3/3

Stage Performance
By the end of this lesson, you are expected:
– To be aware of how the use of body language can improve message transmission;
– To understand how to deliver an impactful performance;
– To practice presentation skills.
Can you name 5 design principles to create slides?
The 7 design principles are signal vs noise ratiopicture superiorityempty spacecontrastrepetitionalignment, and proximity.
In order to strengthen the impact and conveyance of your message, one can use body language to:
– accentuate;
– complement;
– substitute;
– contradict

… a talking point.

If there is one element for you to remember, it is to ensure that your body language does not distract from the message you want to communicate.
You can carry your message using: 

Your voice has certain characteristics you are born with and you can learn to use it by playing with most things you can influence like articulation, pace, volume, intonation, pitch, colour.
Eye Contact

Eye contact is the cement that binds together speakers and their audiences. It is the best and easiest way to keep in touch with your audience and to get feedback from them while presenting. Eye contact makes the speaking situation a two-way communication process. While you are talking, your listeners are responding with their own non-verbal messages.

Facial Expression

A good speaker realises that appropriate facial expressions are an important part of effective communication. In fact, facial expressions are often the key determinant of the meaning behind the message. People watch a speaker’s face during a presentation. When you speak, your face – more clearly than any other part of the body – communicates to your audience your attitude, feelings and emotions.


Gestures support your presentation. They help to keep your audience awake. Use your hands to evoke emotions such as enthusiasm, passion. Though it is important not to exaggerate and repeat them too much or overdo it. They should be used according to your personality and natural way of being and it’s perfectly OK not to use them though you prevent yourself from using a form of support.

You can watch this 4-min video later on in the additional material section.
Link to the video:

For a presentation where you have to be standing, make sure to engage your audience with a relaxed and open posture. Your gestures and how you hold yourself during a presentation convey as much as words might.

One really important piece of advice is to face the audience rather than turn your back to them.

You can watch this 3-min video later on in the additional material section.

The eye is inevitably attracted to a moving object, so any body movement you make during a speech invites attention. Too much movement, even the right kind, can become distracting to an audience.

Never move without a reason.

Moving your body in a controlled, purposeful manner creates three benefits:
1. Supports and reinforces what you say;
2. Attracts an audience’s attention;
3. Burns up nervous energy and relieves physical tension

Look at how one can take ownership of the stage in a 7-minute video (you can also watch it later on in the additional material section).
(Optional) Here are some tips from the 2014 World Champion Public Speaker
You can watch this 2-min video later on in the additional material section.
Stage Performance

We’ve talked about how to create and support the narrative through words, presentation flow and visuals. Eventually, we’ll see how to refine presentation to make an emotional connection with the audience. This final step is essential for anyone who wants to talk, walk, and look professional.

Master Stage Presence

How you say something is as important as what you say, if not more so. Body language and verbal delivery account for 60-90% of the impression you leave on your audience, depending upon which study you cite.

Pay attention to your body language. Maintain eye contact, have an open posture, and use hand gestures when appropriate. Don’t be afraid of using your hands. Research has shown that gestures reflect complex thinking and give the listener confidence in the speaker.

Vary your vocal delivery by adding inflection to your voice, raising or lowering your volume, as well as speeding up and slowing down. Also, let your content breathe. Pause. Nothing is as dramatic as a well-placed pause.

Make it look effortless

Practice, practice, and practice some more. Don’t take anything for granted. Review every slide, every demo, and every key message. You should know exactly what you’re going to say, when you’re going to say it, and how you’re going to say it.

Record your presentation. Spend a couple of hundred euros on a camcorder and record yourself. You don’t need to record the entire presentation. The first five minutes should give you plenty of information. Look for distracting body language and verbal tics, or fillers. When possible, review the video with someone else.

Optional 1-min video. Link:
Wear appropriate attire

Dress like the professional you want to become, not for the position you currently have. Dress a little better than everyone else in the room.

Fun Fact: when Steve Jobs was looking for funding at the bank, he dressed in an expensive suit.

So dress a little better than everyone else in attire that are appropriate for the setting you are in.

Evolution of Steve Jobs’ Apple Keynote speeches:
Toss the script

Great presenters talk to the audience, not to their slides. They make strong eye contact because they have practised effectively.

Don’t read from notes except in special circumstances in which you must follow a step-by-step process, such as a demonstration.

When you must read from notes, create no more than three or four large-font bullet points on one note card or sheet of paper. Create one note card per slide. If you’re using speaker’s notes in Keynote or PowerPoint, keep your bullet points to no more than three or four. One is even better.

Good example of engaging with the audience…
Bad one about visual simplicity…
Have Fun

Despite the extensive preparation that goes into a presentation, things don’t always go according to plan. Nothing should put you off guard, because an important element of the exercise is to have some fun!

Treat presentations as “infotainment.” Your audience wants to be educated and entertained. Have fun, it’ll show.

Never apologize. You have little to gain from calling attention to a problem. If your presentation encounters technical issues, acknowledge it, smile, and move on. If it was not obvious to anyone but you, do not call attention to it.

Change your frame of reference. When something does not go exactly as planned, it did not “go wrong” unless you allow it to derail the rest of your presentation. Keep the big picture in mind, have fun, and let the small stuff roll off your back.

What are the 5 key principles of the power of presentation?
The 5 key principles about the power of presentation are:

– Treat your audience as King
– Spread ideas and move people
– Help them see what you’re saying
– Practice design, not decoration
– Cultivate healthy relationships

Jim Rohn Sứ mệnh khởi nghiệp