41. Intermodal Transportation

[MUSIC] Welcome back to our lesson on intermodal transport.
Upon completion of this lesson, learner should be able to provide a definition of intermodal freight transportation. Discuss the merits of intermodal shipping on long and short haul shipments, and describe representative steps associated with the intermodal transportation process in support of global trade flows.
Intermodal freight transport involves the transportation of freight in an intermodal container. The use of multiple modes of transportation such as rail, ship and truck or air, and intermodal shipments can be any combination of the above.
It entails the movement of freight from origin to destination without handling of the freight inside the container while changing modes. The containers are loaded with ballots, boxes, and other types of unitized materials. Intermodal freight, facilitated by containers, reduces cargo handling, and in doing so, improves security, reduces damage, reduces costs, and loss of goods, etc.
And it allows freight to be transported faster.
In considering intermodal transport say across the United States, a likely alternative would be over the road shipments. Generally intermodal would provide reduced costs over the road trucking.
The length of haul and proximity to intermodal terminals on the shipping and receiving side are also considerations in the evaluation of whether or not to use intermodal shipments versus purely over the road shipments,
particularly for intercontinental use.
For a short distance transit, the complexities associated with rail schedules and onboarding and removing of containers from rail to over the road truck may offset the benefits noted above.
Intermodal transportation has seen significant growth in the last 20 years as terminals have been added across the country and rail service has been viewed as being more dependable. Intermodal has become a more competitive alternative to over the road shipments. Environmental and congestion considerations also lead to favorable evaluations of intermodal over the road.
Global trade flows have been both facilitated by and driven the growth of intermodal transportation.
To be effective, intermodal terminals must be located in relative proximity to desired shipping and/or receiving points. Intermodal terminals must also be efficient and have frequent departure and arrivals To help give you an appreciation for the various steps that may be involved with a global intermodal shipment, let’s take a look at this real world example flow.
Let’s start with a plant along the coast in China, in Shanghai. This manufacturing plant loads an intermodal container bound for the United States. The container moves over the road in Shanghai to the port in Shanghai. The port uses cranes to place the container on a ship.
This ship then transports the container along with 10, 000 or more other containers over the ocean to let’s say Los Angeles.
At the Port of Los Angeles, crane then removes the container and places it on rail.
The rail then moves across the United States to a Chicago intermodal terminal, where the container is then off loaded and put on a tractor trailer combination of for over the road delivery to the final destination which in this example may be Peoria, Illinois.. When we look at this, we see multiple over the road’s steps, over the water step and a rail step. This is a good example in this of what is meant by intermodal. In this lesson we’ve provided a definition of intermodal freight transportation, discuss the merits of intermodal shipping on long and short haul shipments and described representative steps associated with intermodal transportation process in support of global trade flows. Thank you for watching and we’ll see you on the next lesson. [MUSIC]

Jim Rohn Sứ mệnh khởi nghiệp